Why may convertible bonds be attractive to investors?
Convertible bonds are attractive to investors as the conversion (to equity) option allows them to benefit from price appreciation of the issuer's stock.
On the other hand, if there is a decline in the issuer's share price (which causes a decline in the value of the embedded equity conversion/call option), the price of the convertible bond cannot fall below the price of an otherwise identical straight bond.
Why do issuers use convertible bonds rather than straight bonds?
Because of these attractive features, convertible bonds offer a lower yield and sell at higher prices than similar bonds without the conversion option.
Note however, that the coupon rate offered on convertible bonds is usually higher than the dividend yield on the underlying equity.
Some useful vocabulary
- The conversion price is the price per share at which the convertible bond can be converted into shares.
- The conversion ratio refers to the number of common shares that each bond can be converted into. It is calculated as the par value divided by the conversion price.
- The conversion value is calculated as current share price multiplied by the conversion ratio.
- The conversion premium equals the difference between the convertible bond's price and the conversion value.
- Conversion parity occurs if the conversion value equals the convertible bond's price.
Why issuers often embed a call option alongside the conversion option in the convertible bond?
Although it is common for convertible bonds to reach conversion parity before they mature, bondholders rarely exercise the conversion option, choosing to retain their bonds and receive (higher) coupon payments instead of (lower) dividend payments.
As a result, issuers often embed a call option alongside the conversion option in the convertible bond, making them callable convertible bonds.
An example: Proposed ICUL of Aeon Credit
Benefits for the issuer:
- Using ICULS, the company, Aeon Credit, would be able to raise fund by paying a lower coupon rate of 3.5% per annum.
- The issuer also embed a call option along side the conversion option in the ICULS; any ICULS that are not converted before the Maturity Date would be mandatorily converted into new ACSM shares on the Maturity Date.
Benefits for the investors:
- The company has proposed that the ICULS conversion price shall be determined at a minimum of 155 discount to the TEAP (theoretical ex-all price) as calculated in (i) above. Thus, the investors benefit by buying with a discount to the prevailing mother share price.
- The investors of the ICULS hope to benefit from price appreciation of the issuer's stock.]
MULTIPLE PROPOSALS AEON CREDIT SERVICE (M) BERHAD ("ACSM" OR THE "COMPANY") I) PROPOSED BONUS ISSUE; AND II) PROPOSED RIGHTS ISSUE (COLLECTIVELY REFERRED TO AS THE "PROPOSALS").
|AEON CREDIT SERVICE (M) BERHAD|
AEON CREDIT SERVICE (M) BERHAD ("ACSM" OR THE "COMPANY") I) PROPOSED BONUS ISSUE; AND II) PROPOSED RIGHTS ISSUE (COLLECTIVELY REFERRED TO AS THE "PROPOSALS").
On behalf of the Board of Directors of ACSM, CIMB Investment Bank Berhad wishes to announce that the Company proposes to undertake the following:
(i) Proposed bonus issue of 72,000,000 new ordinary shares in ACSM (“Bonus Shares”) at an issue price of RM0.50 each on the basis of 1 bonus share for every 2 existing ACSM ordinary shares (“ACSM Shares”) held (“Proposed Bonus Issue”); and
(ii) Proposed renounceable rights issue of 3-year minimum 3.5% irredeemable convertible unsecured loan stocks (“ICULS”) on the basis of 2 ICULS for every 1 existing ACSM Share held to raise RM432,000,000 in cash (“Proposed Rights Issue”).
(collectively referred to as the “Proposals”)
Please refer to the attachment for the full text on the announcement of the Proposals.
This announcement is dated 23 March 2017.
AEON CREDIT SERVICE (M) BERHAD (“ACSM” OR “COMPANY”) (I) PROPOSED BONUS ISSUE OF 72,000,000 NEW ORDINARY SHARES IN ACSM (“BONUS SHARES”) AT AN ISSUE PRICE OF RM0.50 EACH TO BE CAPITALISED FROM THE COMPANY’S RETAINED EARNINGS ON THE BASIS OF 1 BONUS SHARE FOR EVERY 2 EXISTING ACSM ORDINARY SHARES (“ACSM SHARES”) HELD (“PROPOSED BONUS ISSUE”); AND (II) PROPOSED RENOUNCEABLE RIGHTS ISSUE OF 3-YEAR MINIMUM 3.5% IRREDEEMABLE CONVERTIBLE UNSECURED LOAN STOCKS (“ICULS”) ON THE BASIS OF 2 ICULS FOR EVERY 1 EXISTING ACSM SHARE HELD TO RAISE RM432,000,000 IN CASH (“PROPOSED RIGHTS ISSUE”)
Proposed Rights Issue 2.2.1 Details The Proposed Rights Issue will be undertaken after the completion of the Proposed Bonus Issue. As mentioned in Section 2.1.1 of this announcement, the Proposed Rights Issue is not conditional upon the Proposed Bonus Issue, and in the event that the Proposed Bonus Issue is not completed for whatsoever reason, subject to obtaining all relevant approvals, the Proposed Rights Issue will be implemented. The Proposed Rights Issue, to be undertaken on a renounceable basis, involves the issuance of 432,000,000 ICULS at 100% of its nominal value of RM1.00 each in cash on the basis of 2 ICULS for every 1 existing ACSM Share held by the Company’s shareholders (“Entitled Shareholders”) whose names appear in ACSM’s ROD as at the close of business on an entitlement date to be determined by the Board and announced later (“ICULS Entitlement Date”) after the completion of the Proposed Bonus Issue. In the event that the Proposed Bonus Issue is not completed for whatsoever reason, the Proposed Rights Issue shall be undertaken on the basis of 3 ICULS for every 1 existing ACSM Share held. The Proposed Rights Issue will raise RM432,000,000 for the Company from the issuance of a total of 432,000,000 ICULS under the Proposed Rights Issue. The Proposed Rights Issue is renounceable in full or in part. This means that the Entitled Shareholders can subscribe for or renounce their entitlements to the ICULS in full or in part. Any ICULS not subscribed or not validly subscribed for shall be made available for excess applications by the Entitled Shareholders or their renouncee(s)/transferee(s).The Board intends to allocate such excess ICULS in a fair and equitable manner on a basis to be determined later by the Board. The ICULS will be provisionally allotted to the Entitled Shareholders on the ICULS Entitlement Date. Any fractional entitlements of ICULS under the Proposed Rights Issue will be disregarded and shall be dealt with in the Board’s absolute discretion in such manner as it deem fits and in the best interests of ACSM. The coupon rate for the ICULS will be a minimum of 3.5% per annum, payable on an annual basis (“ICULS Coupon Rate”). The final ICULS Coupon Rate shall be reflected in the circular to the Company’s shareholders seeking their approval for the Proposed Rights Issue at an extraordinary general meeting to be convened (“EGM”). The ICULS will be constituted by a trust deed to be executed between ACSM and an appointed trustee for the benefit of the ICULS holders. The indicative principal terms and conditions of the ICULS are set out in Appendix I of this announcement. 2.2.2 Basis of determining and justification for the ICULS issue price and ICULS conversion price The ICULS will be issued at its nominal value of RM1.00 each. The nominal value was fixed after taking into account the aggregate proceeds of RM432,000,000 to be raised from the Proposed Rights Issue, represented by the 432,000,000 ICULS to be issued.
Due to the timeframe to implement the Proposed Rights Issue and the potential share price movement of the ACSM Shares during this period, the conversion price for the ICULS has not been fixed. The ICULS conversion price will be determined on the price-fixing date to be announced at a later date (“Price Fixing Date”) after receipt of all relevant approvals but prior to the ICULS Entitlement Date. The Board shall determine the ICULS conversion price, taking into consideration the following: (i) the theoretical ex-all price (“TEAP”) per ACSM Share taking into account the Proposals, calculated based on the 5-market day volume weighted average market price (“VWAMP”) up to the date immediately preceding the Price Fixing Date; (ii) the then prevailing market conditions; and (iii) the final ICULS Coupon Rate and pricing for rights issue exercises. In any event, the ICULS conversion price shall be determined at a minimum of 15.0% discount to the TEAP as calculated in (i) above. For illustration purposes only and taking into account the 5-market day VWAMP per ACSM Share up to 22 March 2017, being the market day immediately preceding the date of this announcement of RM16.24 resulting in a TEAP of RM10.48 and assuming a discount to TEAP of 15.0%, the illustrative conversion price of the ICULS is RM8.91 per new ACSM Share after taking into account the completion of the Proposed Bonus Issue (“Illustrative ICULS Conversion Price”). Using the Illustrative ICULS Conversion Price and for illustration purposes only, a total of 48,484,848 new ACSM Shares will be issued upon full conversion of the ICULS. This represents 18.3% of the Company’s enlarged share capital after the completion of the Proposals. 2.2.3 Ranking of the new ACSM Shares arising from the conversion of ICULS The new ACSM Shares to be issued arising from the conversion of the ICULS shall, upon allotment and issuance, rank equally in all respects with the existing ACSM Shares, save and except that they will not be entitled to any dividends, rights, allotments and/or any other distributions that may be declared, made or paid where the entitlement date is before the allotment date of the new ACSM Shares. Based on the terms of the ICULS, the ICULS holders can convert their ICULS held into new ACSM Shares anytime from and including the date of issuance of the ICULS (“Issue Date”) up to its maturity date, which is the third (3rd) anniversary of the Issue Date (“Maturity Date”). Any ICULS which are not converted would be mandatorily converted into new ACSM Shares on the Maturity Date. 2.2.4 Status of ICULS The ICULS shall constitute direct, unconditional, unsecured and unsubordinated obligations of ACSM and subject to the provisions contained in the trust deed, at all times rank equally, without discrimination, preference or priority between themselves and all present and future direct, unconditional, unsecured and unsubordinated debts and obligations of ACSM except those which are preferred by law.