By definition, this company generates a lot of earnings and the managers have significant flexibility in terms of how they allocate this money, with a wide range off options available to them.
It is important that the capacity to generate value through competitive advantages is also matched by an appropriate allocation of earned profit
Appropriate allocation of earned profit by the managers include:
1. Shares buyback and cancellation of shares. #
3. Investments in assets for growth.
4. Acquisition of other companies to increase the company's competitive advantage.
The board should decide between these options based on the highest executed return and consequent value creation for the shareholder.
The only way you can get a fix on capital allocation is by studying the managers track record and the company's decision-making processes. It comes down to both a quantitative and a qualitative analysis based on criteria, with experience being assigned a very high weight.
The greater the extent to which managers have shareholding interests, the more likely it is that their interest will be aligned with minority shareholders, but this step shouldn't be overlooked in any case.
# (The shareholders should ask of the management board that they give consideration to repurchasing and cancelling shares. When you invested into the shares, you obviously believe the shares to be undervalued and this means that a cancellation would create value. The management need not have to do it but this should be on their list.)