Growth Stock Paradox: The more successful the company, the greater are likely to be the fluctuations in the price of its shares.
The argument made above should explain the often erratic price behavior of our most successful and impressive enterprises.
- Our favorite example is the monarch of them all—International Business Machines. The price of its shares fell from 607 to 300 in seven months in 1962–63; after two splits its price fell from 387 to 219 in 1970.
- Similarly, Xerox—an even more impressive earnings gainer in recent decades—fell from 171 to 87 in 1962–63, and from 116 to 65 in 1970.
- did not indicate any doubt about the future long-term growth of IBM or Xerox;
- they reflected instead a lack of confidence in the premium valuation that the stock market itself had placed on these excellent prospects.